Jose P. Laurel is the third President of the Philippines, and the only President of the Second Republic. President Laurel was born in Tanauan, Batangas, on March 9, 1891; he died in his hometown on November 6, 1959. Prior to assuming the presidency, Laurel served as Secretary of the Interior in 1923; senator of the 5th Senatorial District (Batangas, Mindoro, Tayabas, Cavite, and Marinduque) from 1925 to 1931; delegate to the 1934 Constitutional Convention; associate justice of the Supreme Court from 1936 to 1941; commissioner of justice from 1942 to 1943; and president of the 1943 Preparatory Committee on Philippine Independence. President Jose P. Laurel is also the founder of the Lyceum of the Philippines. View his full profile.
Historian Dr. Ricardo T. Jose writes of Laurel’s presidency: “The Second Philippine Republic was born under great duress—during the Japanese occupation—and faced virtually insurmountable obstacles. Despite the odds, Dr. Jose P. Laurel as President of this republic, did all he could and more to meet the problems of the time and to try to transcend them.”
The Presidential Museum and Library has prepared a special feature in commemoration of President Laurel’s birth anniversary which details his presidency of a Philippines in wartime, and also includes material on the Second Philippine Republic.
Keep following tumblr for more updates throughout the day! We will be rolling out several features on Laurel and a whole lot of history this fine Sunday morning.
DID YOU KNOW: According to Doy Laurel, son of Jose P. Laurel, the president sustained several – almost fatal – injuries during the failed Wack-Wack assassination. Doy recounts the thrilling details:
… one bullet, caliber .45 [which] had missed his heart by a fraction of an inch. Another bullet just missed the liver. One bullet hit his clavicle and broke it and another bullet hit him in the groin, just under the balls.
The Japanese premier even sent a bonsai tree to console the recovering president.
- Source: Ocampo, Ambeth. Bonifacio’s Bolo. Metro Manila: Anvil Publishing Inc., 1995
Postkarte Hamburg St.Pauli - Reeperbahn. Hans Andres Verlag, Hamburg.
Postkarte Hamburg. Grosse Hafenrundfahrt Verlag: Fotowerkstatt-Landungsbrücken. Hamburg 4, Brücke 1.
Postkarte Hamburg St.Pauli - Spielbudenplatz 1942. Verlag: K.W.H. Nr.13 H
Postkarte Hamburg. Hafen mit Blick auf die Michaeliskirche. Verlag: Heinrich Höhne, Nr.12
Vianden, Luxembourg (by Karyatis)
Wanuri Kahiu, still from Pumzi.
Kinke Kooi, The Flower and Her Inner Focus 5, 2013, Courtesy Feature Inc.
Nadín Ospina, ‘Bart Simpson,’ n.d., terracotta. Collection Pérez Art Museum Miami, gift of Jorge M. Pérez.
Daniel Temkin's digital light-box abstractions at Transfer Gallery
Robert Pruitt, Be of Our Space World, 2010; Bombs Over Baghdad, 2012; Rich girl, 2011; Sun God, 2011. ALL IMAGES COURTESY THE ARTIST AND HOOKS-EPSTEIN GALLERIES
Rob Pruitt, Us (detail), 2013, acrylic, enamel, and flocking on linen, De la Cruz collection, Miami.
Carrie Mae Weems, Some Said You Were the Spitting Image of Evil, from the series “From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried,” 1995-96, chromogenic print with etched text on glass. COURTESY THE ARTIST
#artselfie through a Carlos Cruz-Diez in Polígrafa Obra Gráfica at the IFPDA fair.
Art Selfie in Yayoi Kusama's Love Is Calling at David Zwirner Gallery.
'When the Beach Met the Bay,' a public-art mural of 24,000 bottlecaps collected by kids in Long Beach, New York, for Project Vortex with artist Lisa Be.